Medword Resources

Adjectival Derivatives From Greek & Latin

In medical terminology, many adjectives or combining forms of adjectives are derived from either Greek or Latin. Adjectives will appear most often in compounds and will be joined to either nouns or verbs. Suffixes may be added to make them into nouns as well.

AutoSelfAutoinfection; autolysis; autopathy (disease); autopsy (view -postmortem examination)
BrachyShortBrachycephalia (head); brachydactylia (fingers); brachycheilia (lip); brachygnathous (jaw)
BradySlowBradypnea (breath); bradypragia (action); bradyuria (urine); bradypepsia (digestion)
BrevisShortBrevity; breviflexor (short flexor muscle)
CavusHollowCavity; cavernous, vena cava (vein)
CoelHollowCoelarium (lining membrane of body cavity); coelom (body cavity of embryo)
CryoColdCryotherapy; cryotolerant; cryometer
Cryptorchid (testis); cryptogenic (origin obscure or doubtful); cryptophthalmos (eye)
DextroRightAmbidextrous (using both bands with equal ease); dextrophobia (fear of objects on right side); dextrocardia (heart)
DiploDouble, twiceDiplocephaly (head); diplopia (double sight)
DysDifficult, bad,
Dysarthria (speech); dyshidrosis (sweat); dyskinesia (motion); dystocia (birth); dysphasia (speech); dyspepsia (digestion)
Euphoria (well-being); euphagia; eupnea (breath); euthyroid (normal thyroid); eutocia (normal birth)
Eurycephalic (head); euryopia (vision); eurysomatic (body - squat, thickset body).
Glycohemia (sugar in blood); glycopenia (poverty of sugar - low blood sugar level)
GravisHeavyGravida (pregnant woman); gravidism (pregnancy)
Haploid (having a single set of chromosomes); haplodermatitis (simple inflammation of skin); haplopathy (simple uncomplicated disease)
relationship to
Heterogeneous (kind - dissimilar elements); heterinoculation; heterology (abnormality of structure); heterointoxication
HomoSameHomogeneous (same kind or quality throughout); homozygous (possessing identical pair of genes); homologous (corresponding in structure)
Hydronephrosis (kidney - collection of urine in kidney pelvis); hydropneumothorax (fluid in chest); hydrophobia (fear of water - water causes painful reaction in this disease)
IsoEqualIsocellular (similar cells); isodontic (all teeth alike); isocytosis (equality of size of cells); isochromatic (having same color throughout)
LatusBroadLatitude; latissimus dorsi (muscle adducting humerus)
LeioSmoothLeiomyosarcoma (smooth-muscle fleshy malignant tumor); leiomyofibroma (tumor of muscle and fiber elements); leiomyoma (tumor of unstriped muscle)
LeptoSlenderLeptosomatic (body); leptodactylous (fingers)
LevoLeftLevocardia (heart); levorotation (turning to left)
LongusLongAdductor longus (muscle of thigh); longitude
MacroLarge, abnormal
Macrocephalic (head); macrocheiria (hands); macromastia (breast); macronychia (nails)
MagnaLarge, greatMagnitude; adductor magnus (thigh muscle)
MalacoSoftMalacia (softening); osteomalacia (bones)
MalusBadMalady; malaise; malignant; malformation
MediusMiddleMedian; medium; gluteus medius (femur muscle)
MegaGreatMegacolon (large colon); megacephaly (head)
MegaloHugeMegalomania (delusion of grandeur); megaly (enlarged liver); splenomegaly enlarged spleen)

Mesocarpal (wrist); mesoderm (skin); mesothelium (a lining membrane of cavities)
MicroSmallMicroglossia (tongue); microblepharia (eyelids); microorganism; microphonia (voice)
MinimusSmallestGluteus minimus (smallest muscle of hip); adductor minimus (muscle of thigh)
MioLessMioplasmia (plasma - abnormal decrease in plasma in blood); miopragia (perform - decreased activity)
MonoOne, single,
limited to one
Monochromatic (color); monobrachia (arm)
Multipara (bear - woman who has borne many children); multilobar (numerous lobes); multicentric (many centers)
NecroDeadNecrosed; necrosis; necropsy (postmortem examination); necrophobia (fear of death)
NeoNewNeoformation; neomorphism (form); neonatal (first four weeks of life); neopathy (disease)
OligoFew, scanty,

Oligophrenia (mind); oligopnea (breath); oliguria (urine); oligodipsia (thirst)
Orthodont (teeth-normal); orthogenesis (progressive evolution in a given direction); orthograde (walk - carrying body upright); orthopnea (breath - unable to breathe unless in an upright position)
Oxyesthesia (feel); oxyopia (vision); oxyosmia (smell)
PachyThickPachyderm (skin); pachyemia (blood); pachypleuritis (inflammation of pleura); pachycholia (bile); pachyotia (ears)
PaleoOldPaleogenetic (origin in the past); paleopathology (study of diseases in mummies)
PlatyFlatPlatybasia (skull base); platycoria (pupil); platycrania (skull)
PleoMorePleomorphism (forms); pleochromocytoma (tumor composed of different-colored cells)
PoikiloVariedPoikiloderma (skin mottling); poikilothermal (heat - variable body temperature )

Polyhedral (many bases or faces); polymastia (more than two breasts); polymelia (supernumerary limbs); polymyalgia (pain in many muscles)
PronusFace downProne, pronation
Pseudostratified (layered); pseudocirrhosis (apparent cirrhosis of liver); pseudohypertrophy
ScleroHardSclerosis (hardening); arteriosclerosis (artery); scleronychia (nails); sclerodermatitis (skin)
Scoliodontic (teeth); scoliosis; scoliokyphosis (curvature of spine)
SinistroLeftSinistrocardia; sinistromanual (left-handed); sinistraural (hearing better in left ear)
StenoNarrowStenosis; stenostomia (mouth); mitral stenosis (mitral valve in heart)
StereoSolid, three
Stereoscope; stereometer
SupinusFace upSupine, supination; supinator longus (muscle in arm)
TachyFast, swiftTachycardia (heart); tachyphrasia (speech)
TeleEnd, far awayTelepathy; telecardiogram
Thermal; thermometer; thermobiosis (ability to live in high temperature)
TrachyRoughTrachyphonia (voice); trachychromatic (deeply staining)
XeroDryXerophagia (eating of dry foods); xerostomia (mouth); xerodermia (skin)

The list below covers just a few areas of interest that are, in fact, the foundations for learning the language of medicine - medical terminology.

Take a Spelling or Transcription Test
Medword's Medical Word Spelling Test Go
Medword's Medical Transcription Test Go
Take a Prefixes Test Go
Take a Suffixes Test Go

Complete a Medword Instant Quiz
Medword's Combining Forms Quiz Go
Medword's Abbreviations Quiz Go
Medword's Plural Forms Quiz Go

Medword RSS Medical News Feeds  Medword's RSS Medical Feeds

Medword Resources: Abbreviations & Acronyms ~ Access Symbols ~ ASL Alphabet ~ Back To Basics ~ Big Fish Games ~ Calculators ~ Conversion Tools ~ Crosswords / WordSearch / Sudoku ~ Dictation Tips For Doctors ~ Drug Search ~ Drug Names - Prescription & Over-The-Counter ~ Elements Of Style ~ Ergonomic Guide ~ Free Web Clip-Art ~ Free Icons ~ Gastrology Info/Pics/Video ~ Getting Hired Articles ~ Grief & Suicide Terminology ~ Herb Names - Most Common ~ HIPAA Info ~ Hippocratic Oath ~ How Digital Dictation Works ~ How Digital Transcription Works ~ Human Anatomy ~ Letter Templates - Outlines ~ Medical Coder Defined ~ Medical Prefixes ~ Medical Suffixes ~ Medical Specialty Associations ~ Medical Transcription Surveys ~ Medical Terminology List ~ Medical Transcriptionist Defined ~ Muscle Names & Location ~ Newer Drug Names ~ Online Dictionary List ~ Online Medical Dictionary ~ Orphan Drug Names ~ Physicians' Charter ~ Rare Disease Names ~ Sample Job Contracts ~ Sample Medical Transcription ~ Surgical Instruments ~ Transcription Do's & Don'ts ~ Word List / Phrase Samples ~ Word Look-Up Options
Complete Site List: Here

Medword's Amazon Store:
AAMT Book of Style ~ Abbreviations, Acronyms & Symbols ~ "Books For Dummies" ~ Books for Physicians ~ Dorland's Medical "Word" Books ~ Health Care Admin & Home Business Books ~ Herbal Medicine ~ "Made Incredibly Easy" ~ Mavis Beacon Typing Books ~ Medical Atlases of Human Anatomy ~ Medical Billing Guides & Handbooks ~ Medical Career & Employment Books ~ Medical Coding & ICD-9-CM Handbooks ~ Medical Dictation Techniques ~ Medical Dictionaries & Encyclopedias ~ Medical Terminology ~ Medical Transcription ~ Multilingual Medical Reference ~ Nurse Reference Books ~ Office Ergonomics ~ Pocket Medical Dictionaries ~ Prescription Drug Guides ~ Stedman's Medical "Word" Books
(¯`'•.¸ Amazon Book Search •.¸¸.• Amazon Product Search¸.•'´¯)

Medword: [Home Page] [Store]
Desktop Microphone Systems ~ Digital Voice Recorders ~ Dragon NaturallySpeaking ~ Foot Pedals ~ Headphones, Noise-Cancelling ~ Headsets ~ Headset Ear Cushions ~ Microphones ~ Phone-In Dictation & Transcription ~ Practice Transcription with Real Dictation ~ Sony & Sanyo Microcassette Recorders ~ Sony & Sanyo Microcassette Transcribers ~ Sony Memory Sticks & Adapters ~ Standard Cassette Recorder & Transcriber Machine ~ Tape Eraser ~ TENS Units ~ TENS Unit Electrodes ~ Transcriber Machines New & Used ~ WAVpedal Foot Pedal PC Transcription ~ WAVpedal Software Upgrade ~ WAVpedal Specials
Search Amazon via Medword:   [Books]   [Products]  [Full Store Listing]

[Home]   [About]   [Contact Us]   [Privacy]   [Site Terms]   
[OnLine Sales Terms & Conditions]   [OnLine Sales Return Policy]
[Integrity]   [GeoTrust SSL Secure Store]   [ is a Norton Symantec Safe Web Site Norton Safe Site]