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Grief & Suicide Terms


Grief & Suicide Terms: P


Grief & suicide terms, words and phrases are often used by crisis counselors and others in the health-care field. You can study these and/or copy them to your dictionary.

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P
Pain A stressful and hurtful physical and/or psychological sensation.
Pain assessment Evaluation of individual pain with pre-set criteria.
Pain behaviors Observable verbal and non-verbal expressions of pain. (Fordyce)
Pain control Achievement of optimal level of pain alleviation.
Pain management Drug and non-drug interventions to control an individual's pain.
Pain scale Set of verbal, numeric, or graphic representations used to gauge the severity of pain.
Pain threshold Level at which an individual notices pain.
Pain tolerance Level at which pain affects individual functioning.
Pain triggers Factors that modify the individual pain experience.
Palliation Intervention to relieve or ease pain.
Palliative Intending or resulting in palliation.
Panic attack The recurring "crisis phase" of a panic disorder.
Paradigm Established conceptual context for theories and explanations.
Parasuicide Non-fatal act of self-harm; a suicide gesture.
Parity Principle that mental health benefits should be comparable to those for other illnesses.
Partial hospitalization Patient spends some days/nights/weekends at a residential program while living at home.
Passive intervention Activities that do not involve a change of behavior by an at-risk individual.
Patient-therapist relationship Formal association existing when a clinician treats a client.
Prevention Action to avert onset of risk or harm in a individual, group, community, etc.
Partial suicide Non-fatal self-destructive act, e.g., self-mutilation.
Passive euthanasia Withholding/ending care that could extend life of a dying person.
Passive suicidal ideation Suicidal ideation not involving a specific suicide plan (Sivak et al.)
pathogenesis Course of origin of a disease in an individual.
Pathological bereavement Chronic, debilitating grief process.
Pathologize View a behavior or condition as a disease.
Patient rights Valid expectations of providers by those they serve.
Peer-led group Support group led or facilitated by a volunteer suicide griever.
Peer support Programs to build relationships for at-risk youth (CDC).
Penacide Killing of pain; completion of suicide to end intense pain.
Permission to grieve Seeking of recognition of loss by others by bereaved.
Personality-based suicidality Vulnerability related to individual's personality and outlook on life.
Perturbation Increased emotional disturbance in a suicidal individual (Shneidman).
Pharmacology Scientific study of the actions and effects of drugs.
PHS U.S public health service, agency of U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Physical loss Loss of something tangible (e.g., limb, pet).
Physician-assisted suicide See assisted suicide.
Placebo Inert or inactive substance given in place of a drug in a research study.
Plan See suicide plan.
Post-traumatic stress Severe emotional reaction to a traumatic event.
Post-vention Intervention after a suicide to aid the bereaved.
Potentiating risk factor Availability of lethal means, family history, stress, illness, etc.
Potentiator Factor that amplifies another factor and combined effect is greater than each alone.
Predisposing risk factor Condition when coupled with other risk may lead to suicide.
Pre-intervention See primary prevention.
Premorbid Prior to onset or presence of disease or disorder.
Preventability Griever's perception of the avoidability of their loss.
Primary loss The loss of a loved one to death by any cause.
Primary prevention Attempt to reduce occurrence of a problem in a population.
p.r.n. "Pro re nata" (as needed).
Processing anger Acknowleging anger and identifying the underlying feelings.
Prodromal clues Individual behavioral signs of suicidality.
Professionally-led group Support group led by a clinician (e.g., therapist).
Prognosis Predicted course and outcome of a disease in an individual.
Prolactin (prl) response Neurochemical process linked to suicide.
Protective factors Variables that may tend to keep an individual from completing suicide (e.g., religion).
Provider Clinician or organization offering health care services.
Proximal risk factor See potentiating risk factor.
Pseudocide Pseudo-suicide; faked suicide.
PSTD Post traumatic stress disorder; see post traumatic stress.
Psychache Severe psychological pain(Shneidman).
Psychiatric suicide Concept of suicide as always involving hate, depression, and guilt on part of victim.
Psychic blow Event threatening acceptable life circumstances that may lead to suicide (Farber).
Psychic homicide Suicide by children of abusive or hostile parents.
Psychic numbing Shut-down emotionally; traumatic grief reaction (Raphael).
Psychic suicide Willing oneself to die without any external physical action.
Psychobiology Scientific study of the biochemical basis of behavior.
Psychobiological model Suicide caused by neural dysfunction and poor impulse control.
Psychodynamic approach Considering the fantasies, wishes, fears, and conflicts of the suicidal patient (Dulit & Michels).
Psychodynamic model Suicide caused by lack of self-control due to personality pathology.
Psychodynamic therapy Examination of relationships/experiences from childhood to adulthood to resolve emotional problems.
Psychological abandonment Clinician's reluctance to deal with the family of a patient who died by suicide (Gutheil).
Psychological autopsy Post-death search for cause of suicide.
Psychological crisis Serious disruption of individual function that overcomes usual coping mechanisms.
Psychological death Individual's definition of self as dead (Kalish).
Psychological emergency Imminent risk of self-harm or danger to others without intervention.
Psychological pain Pain caused by loss, depression, and other emotional trauma.
Psychological post-mortem Post-death search for clinician treatment errors.
Psychological problem Viewing a condition as having no physiological causes.
Psychomotor agitation Restlessness, pacing, rocking, fidgeting, etc., on the part of a distressed individual.
Psychosocial Combination/integration of social and psychological factors.
Psychosomatic Physical discomfort/illness resulting from psychological stress.
Psychotherapy Face-to-face client-therapist discussions to resolve personal problems.
Psychotropic drug Medication affecting emotional functioning.

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