Grief & Suicide Terms

Grief & Suicide Terms: C

Grief & suicide terms, words and phrases are often used by crisis counselors and others in the health-care field. You can study these and/or copy them to your dictionary.

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Cadaver The body of a deceased person.
Capacity Clinical determination of individual capability.
Case-controlled See controls.
Case history Documented account of a specific individual or victim.
Case management Managed care process to control the use and cost of health care services.
Case manager HMO or provider-based nurse or social worker who monitors service delivery to clients/patients.
Catastrophization Aggravating present pain by anticipating more severe future pain (Turk et al.).
Cause Something which if removed will prevent occurrence of an event.
CDC Centers for disease control; U.S. Public Health Service Agency.
Chemical deficiency Depletion of a neurotransmitter (e.g., serotonin).
Chemical imbalance See chemical deficiency.
Cholesterol level Low level linked to violent deaths among males.
Postulates link between low levels of these substances and suicide risk (Kaplan et al.).
Chronic grief Continuance of acute grief reactions over time.
Chronic grief syndrome Abnormal grief reaction with loss of deeply dependent relationship.
Chronic pain Pain persisting for at least six months.
Chronic suicidal ideation Ongoing, transient, intermittent suicidal ideation. (Sivak et al.)
Chronic suicider Individual engaged in repeated acts of suicidal behavior leading to suicide (Berent).
Chronically suicidal History of multiple episodes of suicidality or suicide attempts.
Client Patients of behavioral health clinicians and therapists.
Clinician Physician, nurse, psychologist, social worker, psychiatrist, counselor, or other professional caregiver.
Closed-ended group Support group proceeding on a fixed time frame.
Cluster suicides Chain of completed suicides by youths in contiguous geographic areas.
Code of ethics Formal standards of professional conduct.
Cognitive reappraisal Tactic for dealing with negative thoughts, such as suicidal ideation.
Cognitive therapy Identification/correction of thinking patterns that cause problem feelings and/or behaviors.
Cognitively impaired Individual having a psychiatric or developmental disorder affecting comprehension.
Cohort Group having one or more characteristics in common (e.g., age).
Cohort analysis Studying suicide rates by age groupings.
Committal service Pre-internment service; before burial.
Communication model View of suicide as an interpersonal problem resolution strategy.
Comorbidity Concurrence of two or more conditions or disorders.
Compassionate friends Support group for parents who had a child die.
Competence Legal determination of individual capability to act on one's own behalf.
Completion See suicide completion.
Complete suicide Succumb to the suicide process by taking one's life; see penacide.
Completer See suicide completer.
Complicated grief See complicated mourning.
Complicated mourning Difficult long-term state after traumatic loss.
Complicating factors Conditions that increase the severity and intensity of grief.
Confidentiality Maintaining privacy of individual medical records.
Confidentiality waiver Patient authorization to disclose suicide risk.
Conflict of interest Situation in which meeting one ethical duty violates another.
Conflicted grief Occurs in losses involving ambivalent or troubled relationships.
Conjugal loss Death of a spouse by any means.
Constriction Narrowing of a suicidal individual's outlook and options (Shneidman).
Contagion Risk arising from exposure to suicidal behavior in family, peer group, or media.
Contracting for safety See no suicide contract.
Contributing factors Conditions or situations causing depression (e.g., marital or job problems).
Control group See controls.
Controls Individuals in comparative research studies that lack the variable under study.
Co-occuring disorders See dual diagnosis.
Coping Individual approach to dealing with distressful situations.
Cop suicide Incidence of suicide in law enforcement (high risk population).
Copycat suicide See suicide contagion
Cortisol Stress hormone; possible suicide marker.
Criminalize Arrest, book, or jail a mentally ill person; regarding an act as a crime.
Crisis intervention Short-term care for a behavioral health emergency.
Crisis intervention team School personnel prepared for post-vention after student attempt/death.
Crisis resolution Amelioration of a behavioral health emergency.
Cry for help Expression of suicidal intent in the hope of assistance or rescue.
Cult suicide Form of mass suicide completed by a sect as a group.
Cumulative loss Succession of deprivations/frustrations causing stress or pain.
Cumulative risks Sequence of progressive or additional levels of exposure to harm.
Cutting Self-mutilation with blade or blade-like implement.

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